2011 Consumer Confidence Report for 26802017 SQUIRES GROVE

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Water System Information

If you would like to know more about the information contained in this report, please contact Douglass, Fred - Municipal W & P at (920) 960-7486.

Health Information

Drinking water, including bottled water, may reasonably be expected to contain at least small amounts of some contaminants. The presence of contaminants does not necessarily indicate that water poses a health risk. More information about contaminants and potential health effects can be obtained by calling the Environmental Protection Agency's safe drinking water hotline (800-426-4791).

Some people may be more vulnerable to contaminants in drinking water than the general population. Immuno-compromised persons such as persons with cancer undergoing chemotherapy, persons who have undergone organ transplants, people with HIV/AIDS or other immune systems disorders, some elderly, and infants can be particularly at risk from infections. These people should seek advice about drinking water from their health care providers. EPA/CDC guidelines on appropriate means to lessen the risk of infection by cryptosporidium and other microbial contaminants are available from the Environmental Protection Agency's safe drinking water hotline (800-426-4791).

Source(s) of Water

Source id

Source

Depth (in feet)

Status

1

Groundwater

400

Active

2

Groundwater

998

Active

To obtain a summary of the source water assessment please contact Douglass, Fred - Municipal W & P at (920) 960-7486

Educational Information

The sources of drinking water, both tap water and bottled water, include rivers, lakes, streams, ponds, reservoirs, springs and wells. As water travels over the surface of the land or through the ground, it dissolves naturally occurring minerals and, in some cases, radioactive material, and can pick up substances resulting from the presence of animals or from human activity.

Contaminants that may be present in source water include:

·  Microbial contaminants, such as viruses and bacteria, which may come from sewage treatment plants, septic systems, agricultural livestock operations and wildlife.

·  Inorganic contaminants, such as salts and metals, which can be naturally- occurring or result from urban stormwater runoff, industrial or domestic wastewater discharges, oil and gas production, mining or farming.

·  Pesticides and herbicides, which may come from a variety of sources such as agriculture, urban stormwater runoff and residential uses.

·  Organic chemical contaminants, including synthetic and volatile organic chemicals, which are by-products of industrial processes and petroleum production, and can also come from gas stations, urban stormwater runoff and septic systems.

·  Radioactive contaminants, which can be naturally occurring or be the result of oil and gas production and mining activities.

In order to ensure that tap water is safe to drink, EPA prescribes regulations that limit the amount of certain contaminants in water provided by public water systems. FDA regulations establish limits for contaminants in bottled water, which shall provide the same protection for public health.

Number of Contaminants Required to be Tested

This table displays the number of contaminants that were required to be tested in the last five years. The CCR may contain up to five years worth of water quality results. If a water system tests annually, or more frequently, the results from the most recent year are shown on the CCR. If testing is done less frequently, the results shown on the CCR are from the past five years.

Contaminant Group

# of Contaminants

Inorganic Contaminants

16

Microbiological Contaminants

1

Radioactive Contaminants

4

Volatile Organic Contaminants

span style='mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"'>20

Inorganic Contaminants

Contaminant (units)

MCL

MCLG

Level Found

Range

Sample Date (if prior to 2011)

Violation

Typical Source of Contaminant

ARSENIC (ppb)

10

n/a

1

1

03/16/2009

NO

Erosion of natural deposits; Runoff from orchards; Runoff from glass and electronics production wastes

BARIUM (ppm)

2

2

.038

.038

03/16/2009

NO

Discharge of drilling wastes; Discharge from metal refineries; Erosion of natural deposits

CHROMIUM (ppb)

100

100

2

2

03/16/2009

NO

Discharge from steel and pulp mills; Erosion of natural deposits

COPPER (ppm)

AL=1.3

1.3

.1200

0 of 5 results were above the action level.

09/12/2009

NO

Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits; Leaching from wood preservatives

FLUORIDE (ppm)

4

4

.5

.5

03/16/2009

NO

Erosion of natural deposits; Water additive which promotes strong teeth; Discharge from fertilizer and aluminum factories

LEAD (ppb)

AL=15

0

7.05

0 of 5 results were above the action level.

09/13/2009

NO

Corrosion of household plumbing systems; Erosion of natural deposits

NICKEL (ppb)

100

 

3.6000

3.6000

03/16/2009

NO

Nickel occurs naturally in soils, ground water and surface waters and is often used in electroplating, stainless steel and alloy products.

NITRATE (N03-N) (ppm)

10

10

.02

.02

 

NO

Runoff from fertilizer use; Leaching from septic tanks, sewage; Erosion of natural deposits

SODIUM (ppm)

n/a

n/a

15.00

15.00

03/16/2009

NO

n/a

Radioactive Contaminants

Contaminant (units)

MCL

MCLG

Level Found

Range

Sample Date (if prior to 2011)

Violation

Typical Source of Contaminant

COMBINED URANIUM (ug/l)

30

0

0.1

0.1

10/02/2007

NO

Erosion of natural deposits

GROSS ALPHA, EXCL. R & U (pCi/l)

15

0

12.7

12.7

03/16/2009

NO

Erosion of natural deposits

GROSS ALPHA, INCL. R & U (n/a)

n/a

n/a

12.7

12.7

03/16/2009

NO

Erosion of natural deposits

RADIUM, (226 + 228) (pCi/l)

5

0

4.5

4.5

03/16/2009

NO

Erosion of natural deposits

Volatile Organic Contaminants

Contaminant (units)

MCL

MCLG

Level Found

Range

Sample Date (if prior to 2011)

Violation

Typical Source of Contaminant

P-DICHLOROBENZENE (ppb)

75

75

.2

.2

03/16/2009

NO

Discharge from industrial chemical factories

Definition of Terms

Term

Definition

AL

Action Level: The concentration of a contaminant which, if exceeded, triggers treatment or other requirements which a water system must follow.

MCL

Maximum Contaminant Level: The highest level of a contaminant that is allowed in drinking water. MCLs are set as close to the MCLGs as feasible using the best available treatment technology.

MCLG

Maximum Contaminant Level Goal: The level of a contaminant in drinking water below which there is no known or expected risk to health. MCLGs allow for a margin of safety.

MFL

million fibers per liter

mrem/year

millirems per year (a measure of radiation absorbed by the body)

NTU

Nephelometric Turbidity Units

pCi/l

picocuries per liter (a measure of radioactivity)

ppm

parts per million, or milligrams per liter (mg/l)

ppb

parts per billion, or micrograms per liter (ug/l)

ppt

parts per trillion, or nanograms per liter

ppq

parts per quadrillion, or picograms per liter

TCR

Total Coliform Rule

TT

Treatment Technique: A required process intended to reduce the level of a contaminant in drinking water.